Pakistan's Proxy War
Militants' training centres
Training centres for the terrorists are being run in Pakistan and occupied Kashmir under the guidance and supervision of Pak Army officers. Information about these training centres has been, and is being, given by the arrested terrorists. On the basis of this information the security forces have stepped up their vigilance on the border. The Peoples' League supremo, Shabir Ahmed Shah, and the Chief of JKLF in 1984, Hashim Qureshi, have confirmed the reports on the training camps thereby having accepted Pakistani interference. Mr Ram Bahadur Rai wrote a series of articles in "Jan Satta" a daily newspaper in September 1991. According to him 90 training centres have been set up for Kashmiri militants in Pakistan, occupied Kashmir and Afghanistan under the supervision of the ISI, a premier Pakistani intelligence agency. The trainers belonging to the ISI, FIU and Hizbe Islami of Gulbaddin Hekmatyar impart training to the Kashmiri militants. There are 38 training centres in Pakistan occupied Kashmir out of which six are around Muzaffarabad. These centres are being run at Dhumel, Match factory, Sharkotlines, Chhatar, Murki and Gojra fort. Training camps have been opened at Haji Pir, between Poonch and Uri, Aliabad and Dhallan Subali. There are 36 training centres in Pakistan including the one's at Abbetabad, Dera Adamkhel, Faislabad, Gujranwala, Jehlum, Lahore, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Sargoda, Shekhpura, Sialkot and Herimangal. These centres are being run in the cantonments.
In 1990 the Gates mission had visited Pakistan and Robert Gates was now the CIA Chief Pakistani authorities had informed Robert Gates that Kashmiri militants were being given training in 31 training centres. Prior to this, in April 23, 1990 issue of the Washington Post an article by S.S. Harrison had revealed that 63 training camps were being run in Pakistan for the last two years as per the source information. The Government of India has information about 33 trainers who have giving arms training to KashIniri youths in different camps during the last two years. The training period, usually, lasts for a fortnight. But when a large number of Kashmiri youths, under increasing pressure of the Indian security forces, crossed over to Pakistan during the last one year, the training period was reduced to four days. A small group of youths was selected for three-months training. During the training they were taught how to handle the weapons and how to escape interrogation.
Pakistani agents are moving in Srinagar, Kupwara and Baramulla districts of the Kashmir Valley in search of unemployed youths. Arrangements are made to send them to Pakistan in the name of Islam and "independent" Kashmir. Many are lured through money. They are carried in trucks and buses secretly to the border by these agents and the border guides make arrangements for their crossing to the other side. After trekking some distance, they are carried to their destination. After thorough screening, they are given training.
Disinformation in world fora
Pakistan also made arrangements for concealing its interference in Kashmir. It launched a clever and well-organised anti-India campaign. Many organisations were set up for launching this propaganda and the strings of the entire propaganda machinery is kept in the hands of the ISI. According to the data collected by Ram Bahadur Rai, these organisations, inspired by Pakistan, organised 29 demonstrations in America, Britain and in front of the UN headquarters. As many as 2237 Kashmiri Muslims and Pakistanis participated in these demonstrations. In order to rake up the Kashmir issue the Government engineered 75 demonstrations in Pakistan. One such demonstration was held in Rawalpindi in which the JKLF Chief, Amanullah Khan, delivered a speech. In the Lahore demonstration Newaz Sharief incited people.
Organisations active in foreign countries are actually a top in the hands of the ISI which dance at the tune of this intelligence agency. There are seven such organisations active in America and nine organisations are being run in Britain with the help of Pakistan High Commission in London. The Government of India has received proof of it. These organisations have staged demonstrations in front of the UN headquarters, India House in London and in front of the office of the American President. In a way Pakistan has accepted its interference in Kashmir by launching anti-India propaganda in foreign countries with Kashmir policy as the base. Whatever issues are used for this propaganda, the desire of the people of Kashmir for liberation is being given emphasis. The Foreign Ministry in Pakistan keeps on playing up the theme of anarchy in Kashmir where it is said militants hold the sway. The Ministry keeps on repeating that Jammu and Kashmir was never a part of India, the Indian Army is committing atrocities on the militants, India's charge that Pakistan is interfering in Kashmir is false and India is hatching a conspiracy in Kashmir.
In this context the Amir of Jamait-e-Islami of Pakistan Qazi Hussain, tried to give Islamic tinge to the Kashmir problem by writing letters to the Government of Muslim countries, two years ago. A delegation under the leadership of the same leader toured Saudi Arab, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Qatar, Kuwait and the UAE where it supported independence for Kashmir. During a meeting with the Secretary General Muslim League in Saudi Arabia and with other Ulemas the delegation members presented false details about the alleged excesses of the Indian Army on Kashmiris. Pakistan had borne all the expenses of this delegation for Islamisation of Kashmir on the basis of self-determination of Kashmiris.
So called Indian intellectuals strengthen hands of Pakistan
Pakistan took support for its anti-India propaganda from the writings and statements of the so called secular intellectuals who had carried out their mental exercise in investigating into the "Army's excesses in Kashmir". A book published by the Human Rights body has carried articles from V.M. Tarkunde, M. Masani and Nikhil Chakravarti. All the three have contributed to the disinformation campaign launched by Pakistan by their "valuable" opinions. The Foreign Affairs Office of Pakistan has made this book as a strong base for its propaganda. The UN Human Rights, Commission organised its 47ih convention in Geneva in which Pakistani representative, M.M. Jaffar, delivered a speech on the alleged atrocities of India in Kashmir.
In 1990 the then Pakistan Prime Minister, Ms Benazir Bhutto, toured the eight member states of Organisation of Islamic Conference including Damascus, Ankara, Oman, Tunisia and Cairo where she pleaded for help from Muslim countries to Pakistan regarding Kashmir in the name of Islam. On April 26, 1990 Pakistan Foreign Minister, Sahibzada Yaqub Khan submitted a letter to the President UN Security Council in which he had accused India and the Indian Army of violation of human rights in Kashmir. Pakistan had sought support from the reports of five organisations in order to give credence to the allegations. These organisations are the Committee for Initiative on Kashmir, Peoples' Union for Civil Liberties, Citizens for Democracy, Radical Humanist Association and Human Unity Campaign.
The above facts reveal that Pakistan not only indulged in direct interference but also launched its poisonous anti-India campaign in a systematic way on the international level. Some organisations of the so called secular intellectuals and lovers of humanity in India too supplemented the disinformation campaign launched by Pakistan. The then Governor, Jagmohan, has given an account of the partisan role of one among such much talked about organisations, the Committee for initiative on Kashrnir.
According to Jagmohan, the Committee deliberately did not condemn the killing of innocent people by the terrorists. On the contrary, it holds the paramilitary forces guilty who had only two options, either to get killed or fire in self-defence and chase the criminals for nabbing them. There can be no other harmful way for demoralising the security forces than adopt a partisan role and test them on the touchstone of concocted details of the agents of terrorists. The Committee listened to the one-sided and exaggerated details of an incident of an Assistant Engineer but it has no time to listen to the wails and woes of the relations of that BSF young doctor whose body had been ridden with bullets when he was going to treat the injured on both the sides. Out of anger the Committee concealed all the human facts on the basis of which Jagmohan had formulated his policies. And this was done only to denigrate the Governor's rule and give it a demonic shape. It totally ignored the statements of Jagmohan connected with his humane approach and policies and his Radio and Television broadcasts and telecasts, letters and statements in which stress had been given for unity and co-operation. But history, according to Jagmohan, does not sit in the lap of these manipulators for long. The truth exposed the falsehood and the guilty either gets lost in nothingness or gets buried under the heap of falsehood.
The Committee thought it proper to prepare a base for Pakistan's disinformation campaign in order to simply oppose Jagmohan by twisting the facts and by giving a bad name to the Army. Pakistan repeated the report of the Committee in all world fora.
Zia-ul-Haq's direction to the proxy war
Pakistan used this propaganda as a shield for the activities of the pro-Pakistan terrorists and under its cover started sending infiltrators into Kashmir. The Pakistan plan of sending infiltrators, infiltrating them in the Kashmir administration and then organise their subversive activities was exposed by a speech of former Pakistan President, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq, which was published by Jamat-e-Islami in its book "Hizbe Islam". This speech gives information about the long plan of Pakistan's interference in India to grab Kashmir. This plan has been named by Pakistan "Operation Topac". Some excerpts of Gen. Zia's speech deserve a mention here:
He said: "In the first phase this infiltration will assist Kashmiri brothers. In order to seize state administration they will organise political disruption. Muslim United Front (MUF) is engaged in a conspiracy under different constitutional forms so that the administration is established and the entire Government machinery is paralysed... In the beginning we have to create conditions for launching unarmed and armed campaigns against the State administration...we want infiltration of our men in the administration so thst work in the police, banks, transport, communications and in other departments is paralysed... the scheme needs to be implemented in such a way as the telecommunications links not only between Jammu and Kashmir but also between Kashmir and Ladakh are snapped. All these schemes have to be implemellted secretly. There is need for a special attention towards the roads leading to Kargil, Zojilla and Khardungla..."
"Islam is our goal. Quran is our constitution. Jehad is our path. War till victory, God is great. The war of Hizb is pronounced: Allah-u-Akbar. The call of Hizb is beware of India."
"Koshur Samachar", a monthly magazine, has in its March 1990 issue, published Gen. Zia's speech and details about the "Operation Topac" and Pakistan's interference in Kashmir. "There should be no mistake, our aim is totally clear and strong Liberation of Kashmir valley. We cannot now allow our Kashmiri brethren to remain with India for a long time. In the past we banked on unarmed military camapigns, that is why we failed. Therefore, now, as I have already said it, we shall continue our military action, as per the requirement, till the overthrow of the Government. Though the people of the valley are mentally and physically with us, but they are very simple minded people and, therefore, they cannot fight like Punjabis and Afghanis against the foreign rule. Still Kashmiris have ssme qualities which can be exploited. First, their cleverness and calibre. Secondly, they can rise under pressure and thirdly, their political conspiracy. If we provide them the facilities for using these qualities, they can do our work. In every warfare it is not necessary to use brute force, especially in the conditions that exist in Kashmir, as I have already made it clear... In the first phase, if it was necessary, we can help our Kashmiri brethren to grab power thrsugh political subversion and intrigue. I want to make it clear that without the approval of Delhi, no Government can run in Kashmir. It will not be right to believe that the Muslim United Front or any other similar organisation can seize power through democratic or any other means. It should be kept in view that power will remain in the hands of those who have the patronage of Delhi. Therefore, we shall have to ensure that we should select some 'favourite' ruling politicians who will support our political subversion."
"A revolt on a mild scale against the administration so that it remains in the grip but is not paralysed because we do not want Delhi's central rule there. We appoint selected people on important posts. Sabotage and subversion will be carried out in the police force, financial institutions, telecommunications and other esseneial organisations. We shall spread Anti-India feelings among the students and farmers so that they lend their support to riots and anti-Government demonstrations. In order to tackle the paramilitary forces, subversive elements be organised and given training In order to divert the attention from the Valley, instability and terror be spread in Jammu with the assistance of Sikh militants and even incite Hindus against the Government at critical juncture. Those areas in the valley where the Indian Army has not been deployed should be taken under the controk The southern area in the Kashmir Valley should become such a region."
"In order to force the Indian Army to set up reserve pickets out of the main Valley of Kashmir, mount pressure on them in Siachin, Kargil and Rajouri sectors. Attack and damage the base depots and headquarters of the Army in Srinagar, Pattan, Kupwara, Baramulla, Bandipore and Chowkibal under a special action plan and at fixed time. Till then Afghan Mujahideen, staying in Azad Kashmir, will infiltrate through selected routes in order to extend our area of influence. There is need for formulating a comprehensive and deep policy. We have many lessons from the 1965 Operation Gibralter. In the end, a special force under the leadership of retired Officers from Azad Kashmir will be set up in collaboration with the Afghans which will destroy airfields, Radio station, block Banihal tunnel and damage Kargil-Leh national highway. Pressure will be mounted internally in the adjacent areas in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir during certain phases of these attacks."
"For the liberation of Kashmir and establishment of Islamic state, under the third phase, with the blessings of God, arrangements have been made for the supply of huge quantities of modern arms and ammunition to the Afghan Mujahideens under the US consignment. This will help our Kashmiri brethren in achieving their goal. We are establishing a type of 'free Kashmir' in some lonely areas of Indian occupied Kashmir. Next step will not be as difficult as it appears today. In these circumstances, there is need for an atmosphere of uncertainty in the State. In the end I warn you again that this belief is harmful that we can defeat India in direct attack. Therefore, we have to launch light military campaign so that the Indians do not suspect us and do not attack at the fixed time and at the selected spot. This should not happen at least till the completion of the first and second phases of the operation. Since there may be need for restructuring our schemes and work-plan in certain conditions, we shall have to review the direction of the operation after every phase."
Gen Zia had delivered this speech at a highly secret meeting in Islamabad on April 18, 1988. The excerpts of this speech give a picture of the proxy war launched by Pakistan against India. And the name of this action is "Operation Topac" which is being carried out now under the guidance of Pakistan President, Ghulam Ishaq Khan. An editorial in an English daily "Muslim", published in Pakistan, has given an account of this strategy of Pakistan. The editorial says that Gen. Zia-ul-Haq had formulated a plan for creating violence on a small scale in the beginning and gradually on a large scale in Kashmir by carrying out joint attacks on the Army on which implementation had begun with the help of some fundamentalists and antiIndia groups. An indication of this war-strategy had been given by a Pakistan expert who had said that if India continued to fight a defensive battle in Kashmir against those demanding liberation, one day the Kashmiri separatists will turn into an Army and measure swords with the Indian Army without giving any trouble to Pakistani Army.
Therefore, it is evident that the longer the proxy war runs, the better it will prove for Pakistan. The strength of the Indian forces would be ridiculed and the question of Kashmir will be moulded in Islamic form.
From Operation Gibralter (1965) to Operation Topac (1988)
India continues to delay in understanding the Pakistan's plans and conspiracies despite a clear announcement of Pakistan President, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who had said that Pakistan "is incomplete without Kashmir". India's laziness in giving a befitting reply is the biggest success of Pakistan and a major encouragement for its continued interference. It is because of this that repeated warnings of serious consequences from India are thrown in waste paper basket by the Pakistani rulers who keep on increasing their interference. What else can be ridiculous than this that Pakistan, on our soil, is encouraging our youths (misguided) in battling against our troops for completing its unfinished task which it could not complete through three direct wars.
In the context of the international situation, the Pakistani rulers have realised that it cannot succeed in grabbing Kashmir either by indirect or declared war. In the light of geographical and military position of India, Pakistan had realised that in the heat of war against a country of the size of India, the existence of Pakistan remains in danger. Therefore, it has changed its war strategy.
The background of this new war strategy was Pakistan's 44 years' of experience and especially its rejection of the advice the Chinese Premier, Chou-En-Lai, had given during the 1965 war against India. At that time the then Pakistan Foreign Minister, Z.A. Bhutto, had, after prolonged consultations with Army commanders, formulated the plan for "Operatian Gibralter".
Navbharat Times, in its issue of January 17, 1970, had given an account of this plan. As per the "Operation" Pakistan attempted at infiltrating thousands of infiltrators from the so called Azad Kashmir routes into the Indian border villages. Its aim was that at the time of Pak invasion these infiltrators would terrorise the local people and guide the Pakistani troops. The Chinese Prime Minister, Chou-En-lai, had given vital information to Pakistan in order to make some amendments in the operation. The obstinacy and excitement on the part of the Army officers did not enable them to render the suggestion. The "Operation Gibralter" was started but Pakistan had to face defeat because of the courage, bravery and wisdom of the Indian soldiers. At that time the seeds of separatism had been sown in Kashmir but they had not sprouted yet. The inclination and the mind that were needed for making the "Operation Gibralter" a sucosss was missing among the Kashmiri youths. The base on which the "Operation Gibralter" had been started was not strong. The Indian Army officers shattered the dreams of Pakistan.
And now Pakistan launched the proxy war in the name of "Operation Topac". The entire scheme was formulated by former military dictator of Pakistan, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq. According to well-known journalist, Altaf Gowhar, Pakistan's proxy war is amended version of "Operation Gibralter" and is based on the suggestions of Chou-En-Lai and has been named as "Operation Topac". The "Operation Topac" type prolonged campaign used to be carried out during the hey-day of imperialism. The Soviety Union too had adopted a similar plan in Mangolia, Yugoslavia, Chakoslavakia, Hungary where an attempt had been made to covert the youth into communism. The "Operation Topac" is the result of these esperiences and war strategies.
During the 1966 Operation Gibralter Pakistan nationals had been infiltrated into Kashmir for carrying out acts of violence, sabotage and subversion. Now under the Operation Topac the youth indulging in violence are not Pakistani nationals but Kashmiri youths born in India who have been indoctrinated by Mullahs and Molvis and shown the dream of independent Kashmir. The study of the military analysis of the Operation indicates that Pakistan is achieving success in its aim. The Operation Topac has four main aims:
2. To destabilize and discourage the state administration.
3. To make the Kashmir valley a Hinduless Muslim area.
4. To prepare
Kashmiri Muslims for "Jehad".
Anyone having the capacity to think can visualise the success of the above mentioned operation and the conspiracy. In August 1988 the then Governor Jagmohan wrote a letter in the Times of India which gives a graphic description of the aims and objectives of Operation Topac. 'The drum beaters of fundamentalism are beating their drums round the clock, violence and disruption are on the increase. The dark shadows of the events from across the border are spreading. Weapons of destruction are being smuggled into Kashmir. Atrocities and exploitation are spoiling the face of democracy The entire fabric has been weakened by weak and lose threads.
In the above mentioned proxy war Pakistan nowhere is seen on the surface. Kashmiri Muslim youths, trained in the camps run by Pakistan and the Pakistani Army officers, are fighting the war. In the camps in Pakistan, youths from the Kashmir valley are being indoctrinated and given training in sabotage and in handling of sophisticated weapons. Fundamentalist leaders in the valley have been, during the last many years, enticing, through force, money and religion, innocent youths who are sent to Pakistan. These very youths are trained in sophisticated weapons and then equipped with arms are sent back to Kashmir with Pakistani troops giving them fire cover during the infiltration. Many arrested terrorists have revealed the facts of the plans.
The second aim of "Operation Topac" for destabilising the state administration has been fulfilled. It is the rule of the anti- national terrorists in Kashmir these days. Their rules and laws are in force. Shops, Government offices, industrial units, educational institutions etc. are open or get closed under their instructions. The JKAP, which has almost 100 per cent Muslim recruits, has not only become defunct but majority of the policemen assist fully the separatists. The administration has become a toy in the hands of militants. It is nothing but success of the Operation Topac when the administration is unwilling to arrest militants and even after their arrest is keen to get them released. The CRPF and the Army soldiers are an obstacle. They are performing their duties firmly. It is a separate matter that they are not given a free hand.
The third aim of the operation was to create a Muslim region in Kashmir and that too has been fulfilled. More than three lakh Kashmiri Hindus have been thrown out of the valley. Having become refugees in their own country they are facing punishment for their dedication and love of religion. These Kashmiri Hindus, victim of rape, bloodshed, arson and loot, who were the base for India and Indianness in Kashmir, are leading a life worse than those of beggars. By uprooting them, Pakistan has grabbed that very land on which the Government of India, the Army and the people had been facing the Pakistani conspiracies for the last 40 years. The biggest success of the proxy war has been the mass exodus of Hindus from Kashmir.
The fourth aim of the Operation Topac is too marching forward to success. Islamisation of Kashmiriyat in the Valley has been done. Mentally the people of Kashmir are becoming anti-India. All Muslim leaders of Kalshmir, even if they may be congressites, have alienated themselves from India and Indianness. It is worth mentioning here that these Muslim leaders have taken shelter in some foreign lands or in some areas in India where also they are lending assistance to the militants. Leaders of the Kashmiri Muslim society and those belonging to the National Conference, Jamait-e-Islami, Plebiscite Front, Hizbul Mujahideen, Allah Tigers and the JKLF are all pro-Pakistan organisations which have announced that their goal was complete liberation of Kashmir. The base of their anti-India activities is Islamic fundamentalism. The Muslim of the valley is dreaming of 'Nizame Mustafa' as against the ideas of secularism. The Muslim fundamentalist leaders have succeeded in encouraging the society in Kashmir for rejecting the "enslavement by India". The entire campaign is being successfully organised and run by the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, on the soil of India and in the capitals of many foreign countries. It has also been successful in securing moral, military and economic assistance from Muslims countries after giving to the Kashmir problem the name of Islamic Jehad. Iran, Turkey, Jordan and Saudi Arabia, all Muslim fundamentalist countries, are openly supporting Pakistan.
Amnesty international and other organisations, which claim to be protectors of human rights, observe ostrich type attitude towards the atrocities being committed by the terrorists in Kashmir. Whi:e shedding crocodile tears on any simple incident in any part of the world, these organizations have not spoken a word on the inhuman atrocities committed on the three lakh Hindus of Kashmir. They falter in condemning the criminal and ignoble activities of the Pak-trained terrorists. It is regrettable that these organisations do not stop levelling false charges against the Indian Army which is aimed at demoralising the Jawans. Pakistan has succeeded in making many countries to say that settlement of the Kashmir problem can be worked out on the negotiating table. It means that Pakistan while continuing the proxy war, would make India to search for the possibilities of the dialogue without resorting to an attack. Under the Shimla Agreement Pakistan had achieved success in making it the base for a dialogue. Even while securing the release of 90,000 war prisoners and return of thousands of square kilometers of areas from the Indian occupation, Bhutto succeeded in converting the cease-fire line into the Line of Actual Control. The same LAC became the base for future negotiations and on the basis of it Pakistan has become a party to the matters connected vwith Kashmir. The purpose of the negotiations is to facilitate Pakistan to grab the remaining area of Kashmir after having forcible occupied two- third area of Kashmir.
Apology from BBC
Pakistan is successfully banking on disinformation and lies for making the Operation Topac a success. There in Pakistan newspapers, Radio and television are presenting news about Kashmir in such a twisted way as it appears that the Indian Army is committing grave excesses on Kashmiri youths. In the second or third week of January PBC (Asia) through Star TV telecast a scene which had depicted heinous activities of the terrorists but the same events were presented by Pakistan on its television in a totally different way alongwith its commentary. The pictures of the injured in the hospitals were projected in such a way as if they were victims of the Indian Army. They were shown demanding independencs. The BBC and the Star TV protested to Pakistan against stealing illegally the report. Pakistan has given in writing to the BBC that in future such a mistake will not be repeated. But such activities and playing hide and seek are part of the Operation Topac.
Nawaz Sharif: a trickster
Inciting youth in Pakistan occupied Kashmir, infiltrating them from across the border into Kashmir under the military umbrella, and the arrest of Amanullah Khan in order to deceive the world are different Pakistani tricks. On the second day of the ban on the JKLF March on February, 11 Pakistan Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, said "how long will Pakistan Government stop them ? There is no change in its policy and stand on Kashmir". The same Nawaz Sharif had told friendly and sweet talks with the Indian Prime Minister, Narasimaha Rao, two months earlier, and soon after those talks he gave a call for Bandh in Pakistan against India. Four years ago Sahibzada Yaqub Khan had held talks with Prime Minister V.P. Singh for creating a congenial atmosphere on the Kashmir problem and on returning to his country he had said "If the excesses of the Indian Army in Kashmir were not stopped, it will lead to war". Pakistan is telling a white lie to the world that it has no atomic bomb but now even the American Foreign Secretary has confirmed reports that Pakistan has nuclear capabilities. Pakistan leased out part of Gilgit to China thereby deceiving India. In return, China is providing assistance to Pakistan.
Do not repeat Prithviraj
The above mentioned facts clearly indicate that Pakistan has launched a proxy war against India in Kashmir which is being carried successfully on the shoulders of Kashmiri youths. It is that form of war which is being fought on our soil, with our money and against our people. Pakistan has not staked anything but we have staked everything. Therefore, we should not hesitate in declaring a war to counter this proxy war. There is need for replying to Pakistan in the language it understands, because the question does not relate to Kashmir and Kashmiri Hindus but to the integrity and sovereignty of the entire nation. Any laxity shown in this respect can lead to the balkanisation of the country. Try to understand the trickery of Pakistan and its leaders. Give up too much of liberalism, the politics of opportunism and appeasement of Muslims and the counter productive secularism and take solid steps for the integrity of the nation. Pakistan President, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, be told in plain terms that if Pakistan is incomplete without Kashmir, India is incomplete without Pakistan. We too have to cornplete the half won indepedence. Lest there should be any repetition of Mohd. Gouri-Prithivraj episode in which Prithviraj kept on forgiving Gouri for 16 times and when on the 17th occasion Mohd. Gouri won the battle, he gouged out the eyes of Prithviraj. While keeping in mind these historical experiences, there is need for adopting a practical approach and face the enemy boldly.
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